ResourceCommentary [in progress]
Martin Hellman, of Diffie-Hellman fame, presents an argument for a rigorous quantitative risk analysis approach to assessing the danger posed by nuclear weapons optimism. For all the billions wasted on environmental impact statements, no one in the War industry wants to acknowledge the single biggest threat to the environment: our own 'defensive' weapons.    
 Another excellent talk by Martin Hellman.
 A simple, yet powerful demonstration of the excesses of our nuclear arsenal. The EMP effects from even a single 'BB' exploding above a modern city would cause a humanitarian disaster without parallel. The addition of blast, fire, and radiation effects are unimaginable.     
Daniel Ellsberg
 Daniel Ellsberg
 Daniel Ellsberg
Nuclear 101

A high-level academic lecture on nuclear weapons. Topics covered include:

fission vs. fusion
gun-type vs. implosion-type weapons
nuclear materials
design considerations
nuclear weapon effects (fire, blast, radiation, EMP)
uranium vs. plutonium based pathways to weapons
nuclear material fuel cycle
reprocessing and enrichment technologies
the connection between nuclear power and nuclear weapons

The lecturer, Matthew Bunn, avoids any commentary on the morality or rationality of any State possessing instruments of indiscriminate murder. This omission could simply stem from the speaker's choice of learning objectives, but I suspect he doesn't want to risk his Q-clearance by openly criticizing the USA's "nukes for me, but not for thee" policies.     
A righteous and indignant take-down of superpower hubris by physician Helen Caldicott. Her feisty tone throughout is one of 'just who the hell do these people think they are in threatening the entire world?', and makes the grim subject matter a bit less depressing. The talk is full of wonderful stories of her experiences with world leaders and her efforts towards nuclear disarmament. Unfortunately she conflates the risks to humanity stemming from nuclear weapons with those from nuclear power. While there are serious issues surrounding safeguarding the civilian nuclear fuel cycles and cleaning up from industrial accidents, one need only compare the deaths resulting from nuclear power generation and any other power source to see that nuclear power is orders of magnitude safer than any viable alternative.

Using round numbers, the world consumes 100,000 Terawatt-Hours of energy from non-nuclear and non-renewable sources annually. Assuming even very conservative measures of deaths/TWh, many tens of millions of people have died simply due to a failure to adopt nuclear power on a broader scale.    
 Martin Hellman - The Wisdom of Foolishness
David Kaiser: Nuclear Weapons- The Cold War Era  
A Hundred Holocausts: An Insider’s Window Into U.S. Nuclear Policy     The 'go to' article I send people to convince them of the pressing danger of nuclear weapons. 
How risky is nuclear optimism? 
Quantitative Risk Analysis applied to nuclear optimism. 
Primary Sources: Permissive Action Links and the Threat of Nuclear War     
Examination of the reckless behavior regarding nuclear weapons security by US forces. 
Great interviews with the incredible Scott Horton. His expansive knowledge about domestic and international affairs from both a historical and contemporary perspective enables him to get the best out of his guests. 
15 Minutes: General Curtis LeMay and the Countdown to Nuclear Annihilation 
An infuriating examination of our Cold War antics. The ego of one mad general could have killed billions of innocent people. 
Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940 
An accounting of the trillions squandered by the USA. Contemplating the opportunity costs of nuclear weapons requires intravenous Prozac. 
The Atomic Chef: And Other True Tales of Design, Technology, and Human Error 
Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety 
That time a hydrogen bomb almost blew up in Arkansas. 
The Limits of Safety 
Possibility of annihilation due to human error. 
The Logic of Accidental Nuclear War 
Missileer turned leading voice for complete disarmament. 
The Making of the Atomic Bomb 
Richard Rhode's Pulitzer-prize winning history of Manhattan Project. 
The Nuclear Express: A Political History of the Bomb and Its Proliferation     
On Nuclear Terrorism
Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea 
The Twilight of the Bombs: Recent Challenges, New Dangers, and the Prospects for a World Without Nuclear Weapons 
Whole World on Fire: Organizations, Knowledge, and Nuclear Weapons Devastation 
Even a limited nuclear exchange will starve billions thanks to smoke blotting out the sun, reducing global temperatures, and destroying crops. 
The Wizards of Armageddon 
The story of the ‘geniuses’ at RAND and similar think-tanks who attempted to give legitimacy to nuclear armageddon by resorting to game theory and political pseudoscience. 
Zero: The Case for Nuclear Weapons Abolition 
Too wonk-ish and focused on interminable nuances of ineffectual declarations, moratoriums and condemnations. 
Arms Control Association 
Defusing the Nuclear Threat 
Federation of American Scientists (FAS) 
Global Zero 

National Security Archive Nuclear Vault at GWU
    The Vela Incident: Nuclear Test or Meteoroid?
    Every Nuclear-Tipped Missile is an "Accident Waiting to Happen"
    The 3 A.M. Phone Call
    Newly Declassified Documents on Advance Presidential Authorization of Nuclear Weapons Use
    The Submarines of October: U.S. and Soviet Naval Encounters During the Cuban Missile Crisis
trove of documents that lay bare the tedious, behind-the-scenes decisions and actions that created the nuclear arms race. Many of the documents are only available thanks to Freedom of Information Act requests by George Washington University. Carl Sagan said, "The nuclear arms race is like two sworn enemies standing waist deep in gasoline, one with three matches, the other with five..." and this site contains the historical documentation of that insane duel.
 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF) 
 Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)     
 Nuclear Weapons Frequently Asked Questions 
Simulate nuclear weapons effects in Google Earth. 
 Timeline of the Nuclear Age 
Helpful for forming a mental model of the interweaving political, technical and scientific aspects of nuclear history. 
Energy Source Deaths per Terawatt-Hour   

Coal (elect, heat,cook –world avg) 100 
Coal electricity – world avg 60 
Coal (elect,heat,cook)– China 170 
Coal electricity- China 90 
Coal – USA 15 
Oil 36 
Natural Gas 4 
Biofuel/Biomass 12 
Peat 12 
Solar (rooftop) 0.44 
Wind 0.15 
Hydro 0.1 
Hydro - world including Banqiao) 1.4 
Nuclear 0.04